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Environmental impact of pharmaceutical packaging bag waste

1, Environmental problems caused by pharmaceutical packaging bagsPharmaceutical packaging bags mainly include: paper, plastic, metal, glass and synthetic materials. In order to prevent possible damage to medicines during transportation and handling, a large number of fillers are attached to the packaging bags of many medicines, and foamed plastics are the most common such fillers. These packaging bags are an integral part of solid waste in people’s lives. Especially with the development of polymer materials, plastic packaging bags with polyethylene, polyethylene and polyethylene terephthalate as the main raw materials are widely used in pharmaceutical packaging bags due to their low cost and excellent packaging performance. Most of these substances are difficult to degrade naturally, and the resulting white pollution will have a long-term impact on the water and soil environment.Because drugs, especiallyOTCDrug packaging bags are scattered and most of them are mixed with domestic waste, which is difficult to collect, sort and process in a centralized manner. As a result, drug packaging bags with recycling value are incinerated and landfilled, resulting in a lot of waste and processing pressure. . Most of the drug packaging bags belong to this category.At the same time, some packaging bags for medicines, especially semi-finished and intermediate products of chemical medicines, such as medicine barrels, medicine cans, medicine bottles, medicine bags, etc., have certain chemical toxicity. Improper handling and reintroduction into the social consumption field will not only harm the environment pollution and even poisoning. 2, Improvement countermeasures for drug packaging bagsEU in1994The decree on packaging bags was passed in 2008, and only packaging bags that compound the main regulations can be sold in the European market. my country joinsWTOThe market environment and the increasingly strict environmental requirements of the international market for product packaging bags have put forward a more severe test for my country’s drug manufacturers and drug packaging bag industry. Under such a situation, while improving the quality of drugs, Effective recycling and pollution prevention of pharmaceutical packaging bags are problems that must be faced by Chinese pharmaceutical manufacturers. 2.1, reduce unnecessary and excessive drug packaging bagsThe primary mission of the drug packaging bag is to ensure the safety of the quality of the drugs inside, and it should have reliable protection, storage, and environmental occlusion to prevent drugs from being damaged during transportation, storage, and use. The damage resistance of different drugs and different preparations of the same drug is very different, so the drug packaging bag should be an individualized packaging bag. Its packaging requirements should show different packaging forms with different product requirements. However, many drug manufacturers often use excessive packaging, which is manifested in: (1) The safety factor is too large, and the requirements for the anti-impact force of the medicine are too high(2) Excessive drug packaging bag price ratio. (3) performance is too much, disguised packaging bags. If there are no strict anti-impact requirements, use aluminum box packaging bags; (4) excessive intermediate packaging, (5) The packaging volume is too small, and the smallest packaging unit contained in the smallest packaging of some pharmaceutical packaging bags is too small, which is bound to increase the pharmaceutical packaging.Many developed countries have begun to pay attention to this problem and regard the reform of excessive packaging as an important way to lead to green packaging. 2.2, Increase the environmental affinity of pharmaceutical packaging bagsPackaging workers must first pay full attention to the requirements of environmental protection and resource utilization. On the premise that the basic requirements of pharmaceutical packaging bags can be guaranteed, packaging materials with mature technology, high effective recycling rate or natural absorption by the environment, such as recycled paper and degradable packaging bags, should be selected. In order to reduce the pollution of medicine packaging bags to the environment, so as to protect the environment. At this point, there are many successful experiences in the food industry such as alcohol and beverages that can be used for reference by the pharmaceutical packaging bag industry. 2.3Promote green labels and increase necessary environmental labels. At present, many materials cannot be effectively recycled, or have not been effectively treated, resulting in environmental pollution, which is largely caused by unclear components. By indicating the composition of the package, whether it is recyclable or reused, whether it is flammable, protective advice, disposal methods, etc. on the drug packaging bag. It will play a good role in the classification and collection of pharmaceutical packaging bag waste. 2.4, Carefully dispose of harmful packaging bags and dangerous packaging bagsPackaging materials used for packaging raw materials, especially chemical raw materials, have high strength, and some directly enter the field of daily use without effective treatment. Such drug packaging bags should be handled with care before reuse. In addition, drug packaging bags may be contaminated by certain hospital microorganisms during use, and disinfection is an essential link during processing. 2.5, Classified treatment of pharmaceutical packaging bags and medical wasteDue to the particularity of the pharmaceutical industry, the vast majority of medicines and APIs are consumed in hospitals and pharmaceutical factories. Therefore, hospitals and pharmaceutical factories will be the concentration of intermediate packaging waste and final packaging waste of medicines. This brings convenience to the recycling and reuse of the waste of drug packaging bags. Colleague, in the hospital, pharmaceutical packaging waste is different from ordinary medical waste. If it is treated as general medical waste, it will inevitably cause waste of resources and increase the burden of garbage disposal.

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